Bug on lesson 2 : ILS approach

In the series pilot courses navigating instruments Rob Machado, there is a bug lesson 2: ILS approach.

So you just land on the runway and think you have finished with this lesson, the instructor will demand increase gasses then interrupts the lesson. Although the purpose of the lesson was conducted namely land using ILS, it is always frustrating to see a fully independent reset especially because of our desire. A bug !

This one can be fixed by changing a file used by this lesson.

- go to the installation directory and then in the FSX directory Lessons\instr

Example for installation in the default directory, the corresponding directory is
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Games\Microsoft Flight Simulator X\Lessons\instr

- Using notepad (or any other text editor ...) open the file Lesson 2.abl
- Find the line containing the text if (cpOffice.Marker <> 0) then
Note that there are other references to the text cpOffice.Marker <> 0. The true line is in the block
case CaseFinal2:
Writeln ("CaseFinal2");
Writeln (fn1Str1Num("Marker = ",cpOffice.Marker));
if (cpOffice.Marker <> 0) then
fnSQ_Play("I2-33"); // There's the middle marker captian
fnSQ_ChangeState(CaseFinal2_1);
fnSQ_Synchronize;
endif;
endcase;


- Replace the content of the line with if ((VHFNAV1.DMEDistance < 2.5) or (cpOffice.Marker <> 0)) then
- Save the file.

You can now complete this lesson with all the compliments of the instructor.

Tutorial Flight Simulator X - Bug on lessoon 2 : ILS approach - FSX - Bug
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The Beechcraft King Air 350 autopilot



The autopilot is a device that automatically control the behavior of the device according to the type of the pilot settings.

This article will detail the autopilot fitted to the Beechcraft King Air 350.

This is a 'Google automated Translation' of http://artron-fsx.blogspot.fr/2010/06/le-pilote-automatique-du-beechcraft.html.




A - Autopilot activation button
This button is used to activate / deactivate the autopilot. When it is enabled, you no longer have control of the device. If no other button is pressed, the unit will only maintain the aircraft attitude.

B - Flight director (flight director) activation button
This button is used to activate / deactivate the flight director. Its use does not influence the behavior of the autopilot for the benefit of the latter is to use just when the autopilot is turned off. The role of the latter is to show how the instruments react autopilot if it was triggered.


For example, a path has been recorded on my GPS and I want to follow this path at an altitude of 6400.
On autopilot, I set the altitude to 6400 (I), I activate the Buckle altitude (D) and monitoring of the navigation mode (E). I do not activate the autopilot but the flight director.


A pink chevron appears on the artificial horizon indicator.

You just need to align the mark corresponding to the plane on the pink chevron to find the road and the desired altitude.

C - Course button
This button is used to activate / deactivate Buckle heading mode. Once activated, the unit will move to the selected from the selection window cap cap.

To change the course followed by the autopilot, using the selection button cap. This is usually placed in a corner of the HSI.

D - Buckle altitude button
This button allows you to enable / disable mode Buckle altitude. Once engaged, the aircraft will reach the altitude afichée in I.

E - Followed Navigation mode Button
This button allows you to enable / disable tracing a route in Navigation mode. The operation of the latter depends on the NAV / GPS switch.

If the switch is on NAV, the autopilot will join the tag captured on NAV1. If the switch is on GPS, the autopilot will follow the predefined route in the GPS.

F - Back course approach mode select button
This button functions as the selection button approach mode except that the glideslope is off and the opposite autopilot (left / right) the received signal.

G - Approach type select button
This button acts as the mouse tracking mode navigation (C). This is mainly useful during approach on runways equipped with ILS. The autopilot will then rejoin the track automatically (see tutorial Performing an IFR flight : landing ).

H - Yaw damper button
This button allows you to enable / disable the yaw damper. It eliminates the yaw and maintain coordination turns.

I - Altitude selected display
Altitude display followed by the autopilot when the altitude Buckle is engaged. This elevation can be changed using buttons up / down (G) or the mouse by placing the cursor on the altitude and using the dial to change.
Flight Simulator X tutorial - The Beechcraft King Air 350 autopilot - FSX - autopilot - tutorial
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The Maule M-7-260C Orion autopilot

Tutoriel FSX-Le pilote automatique du Maule M-7-260C Orion

The autopilot is a device that automatically control the behavior of the device according to the type of the driver settings.

This article will detail the autopilot fitted to the Maule M-7-260C Orion.

This is a 'Google automated Translation' of http://artron-fsx.blogspot.fr/2010/06/le-pilote-automatique-du-maule-m-7-260c.html.


Tutoriel FSX-Le pilote automatique du Maule M-7-260C Orion

A - Button autopilot activation
This button is used to activate / deactivate the autopilot. When it is enabled, you no longer have control of the device. If no other button is pressed, the unit will only maintain the aircraft attitude.


B - Button up course
This button is used to activate / deactivate Buckle heading mode. Once activated, the unit will move to the selected from the selection window cap cap.

To change the course followed by the autopilot, using the selection button cap. This is usually placed in a corner of the HSI.
Tutoriel FSX-Le pilote automatique du Maule M-7-260C Orion

C - Button up in Navigation mode
This button allows you to enable / disable tracing a route in Navigation mode. The operation of the latter depends on the NAV / GPS switch.
Tutoriel FSX-Le pilote automatique du Maule M-7-260C Orion

If the switch is on NAV, the autopilot will join the tag captured on NAV1. If the switch is on GPS, the autopilot will follow the predefined route in the GPS.

D - Select Button approach fashion
This button acts as the mouse tracking mode navigation (C). This is mainly useful during approach on runways equipped with ILS. The autopilot will then rejoin the track automatically (see tutorial Performing an IFR flight : the landing).

E - Selection Button back course approach mode
This button functions as the selection button approach mode except that the glideslope is off and the opposite autopilot (left / right) the received signal.

F - Button Buckle altitude
This button allows you to enable / disable mode Buckle altitude. Once engaged, the aircraft will reach the altitude afichée H to display vertical speed I.

H - Display the selected altitude
Altitude display followed by the autopilot when the altitude Buckle is engaged. This elevation can be changed using buttons up / down (G) or the mouse by placing the cursor on the altitude and using the dial to change.

I - Display the vertical speed
Display vertical speed used by the autopilot to re join the altidue selected when the altitude Buckle is engaged. To change the speed, position the mouse cursor on the value and use the wheel to change the value.


Tutoriel FSX-Le pilote automatique du Maule M-7-260C Orion

The display also shows which parameters are the autopilot engaged.
The image indicates that against the locking cap and the altitude lock is engaged. In case the altitude lock is not engaged, the elevation data is join and vertical speed are not displayed.

Flight Simulator X Tutorial - The Maule M-7-260C Orion autopilot - FSX
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ATIS

If you use the ATC in FSX, you probably noticed when you are in the vicinity of an airport (a certain size), an option on the ATIS.

This is a 'Google automated Translation' of http://artron-fsx.blogspot.fr/2010/05/latis.html.

ATIS (Automatic Terminal Information Service) is a message voice provided by the weather service from the airport. This loops over a predefined frequency.
To view it, (taking as an example a plane parked at Sydney International Airport), open the ATC [ ù ].
Choose  Set on Sydney ATIS 126,250 

A green band containing the message will scroll indefinitely at the top of the screen. 
Tutorial FSX-ATIS


For my example, the message received is as follows :

Information Sydney Airport Golf, 0153 zulu. Wind: calm. Visibility: greater than 20 nautical miles. Sky conditions: partly cloudy to 5700. Temperature: 15. Dew Point: 5.QNH 1013. ILS runway 34L and 34R ILS runway in use. Landing and departing Runway 34L and 34R runway. VFR aircraft should indicate their direction of flight. All devices must collate shutdown instructions. Inform your control at first contact you have received the information Mike.


That contains this message:
- Weather information
- Atmospheric pressure (QNH)
- The runways
- Information on the current procedures

From this information, you can make your first adjustment on the plane (if you have not taken off yet ...), the calibration of the altimeter. To calibrate the altimeter, you will find in the majority of cases knob in a corner of the dial corresponding to the altimeter. Use this button to adjust the air pressure provided by the ATIS, or simply press [ b ].


Tutorial FSX-ATIS

Tutorial Flight Simulator X - ATIS - FSX
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Setting a direct route into the GPS


Rather than go through the flight organizer, you can enter a new route directly from the GPS.
Once in your plane, you can enter a new GPS route. It can be an airport or a point of intersection (VOR, ...). You can select it from its indicatif or its name.

This is a 'Google automated Translation' from http://artron-fsx.blogspot.com. 'Human' translation in progres...


Before detailing the procedure, I will make a brief aside on the handling of GPS. The main button you will use on this instrument is the button PUSH CRSCR.  It has 2 knobs (I name small and great in the rest of this article) and had a clickable button center.

Pressing the button PUSH CRSR will set the GPS input mode on the selected area. The 2 knobs are used to select the active area or perform data entry. The explanation perhaps does not quite clear but you'll use it very simple and the principle remains the same whatever the manipulations that you want to perform on the GPS.
The data entered will be validated using the button ENT .



Back to our itinerary. To illustrate this tutorial I will try to reach the airport of Nice. Entering a new route is using the D button (Direct). The GPS will give you the most direct route (straight line) to the airport.

A window opens in the GPS. The latter will be used to identify your destination.

From this window you can either enter the code for your destination is his name. The first line is used to enter the area code and the second for the name.


To complete your entry, you have 2 options:
- How fast the keyboard
- The realistic way using the buttons on the GPS. The large button is used to move to the next letter. The small button serves to select the letter.

Once your destination is identified, press ENT to confirm your entry. The word Activate appears in the bottom right of the GPS.


Press again ENT . The route to your destination is now used by your GPS. The route is represented by a purple line that runs from your plane represented by the white plane in the middle of the GPS screen.



Once established route of new information appears at the top of the GPS:

  • DTK: The Way Forward 
  • TRK: the road that your aircraft is currently
  • DIS: distance to your destination

    To reach your destination, you simply direct the aircraft to have this line right before the plane. You can also use the autopilot (GPS mode), the latter will own the road defined in the GPS.

    Flight Simulator X Tutorial - Setting a direct route into the GPS - FSX - GPS - tutorial
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    The autopilot on propeller planes



    The autopilot is a device that can automatically control the behavior of the device according to parameters entered by the pilot.

    This is a 'Google automated Translation' from http://artron-fsx.blogspot.com. 'Human' translation in progres...

    All the different autopilots fitted apparaeils work similarly but some are more limited than the other in terms of functionality.

    To begin, we see the operation of the automatic pilot 'standard' powering propeller planes available in Flight Simulator X.

    You can find this autopilot panel on following airplanes: :
    • Beechcraft Baron 58
    • Cessna Skyhawk SP modèle 172
    • Cessna Grand Caravan C208B
    • Mooney M20M « Bravo »
    • de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver
    • Grumman G-21A Goose


    A - Autopilot activation button
    This button allows you to turn on autopilot. When this is enabled, you no longer control the aircraft. If no other button is activated, the device will only maintain the aircraft attitude.

    B - Followed by heading button
    This button will activate / deactivate the locking direction. Once activated, the unit will move to the selected heading from the selection window of course.

    To change the course steered by the autopilot, use the dial of course. It is usually placed in a corner of the HSI.



    C - Followed by navigation button
    This button allows you to enable or disable monitoring of a road navigation mode. The operation of the latter depends on the switch NAV / GPS.

    Beechcraft Baron 58
    Cessna Skyhawk SP modèle 172
    Cessna Grand Caravan C208B
    Mooney M20M « Bravo »
    Grumman G-21A Goose

    If the switch is on NAV, the autopilot will join the tag captured on NAV1. If the switch is on GPS, the autopilot will follow the predefined route in the GPS.

    D - Mode selection approach knob
    This button functions as the tracking mode button Navigation (C). This is primarily useful during approach on runway equipped with ILS. The autopilot will then rejoin the track automatically (see tutorial Performing an IFR flight : the landing).

    E - Mode selection approach aligned behind knob
    This button works like the button mode selection approach with the difference that the glideslope is off the autopilot and hand (left / right) the received signal.

    F - Altitude locking knob
    This button will toggle the mode locking of the altitude. Once engaged, the aircraft will reach the altitude afichée H to the vertical speed displayed I.

    G - Altitude selection knob
    These buttons (up / dn) can increase or decrease the altitude used by the autopilot when the altitude locking is activated.

    H - Selected altitude
    Altitude display followed by the autopilot when the altitude locking is engaged. This altitude can be changed using the buttons up / down (G) or using the mouse by placing the cursor on the altitude and using the scroll wheel to change it.

    I - Vertical speed
    Displaying the vertical velocity used by the autopilot to re join the altidue selected when locking the altitude is engaged. To change speed, position the mouse cursor on the value and use the wheel to change the value.


    Flight Simulator X tutoriel - The autopilot on propeller planes - FSX, autopilot
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    Performing an IFR flight : the landing

    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage
    Last part of IFR, this tutorial will explain the phase of descent and landing performed using the autopilot.

    This is a 'Google automated Translation' from http://artron-fsx.blogspot.com. 'Human' translation in progres...

    This tutorial does not aim to explain the complete procedures to stick as close to reality but to provide sufficient information for a successful IFR flight.


    If you followed the previous tutorials devoted to IFR flight, you're in cruise flight at an altitude of 21,000 feet at the Nice airport.

    The approach will start when you receive a message telling you the ATC track where you will land the plane.Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage

    Apart from the fact that you need to adjust the direction of your plane to Cape 190, you just know that you will land on runway 4L airport. We will now proceed to setting the ILS so that the autopilot can adjust myself on the line of descent.

    We'll have to know the frequency corresponding to the ILS runway 4L. To do this, open the map. Verify that the airports are well displayed and click the Nice airport. All the frequency of the airport will be displayed. These tracks are displayed corresponding to the last.
    For the runway 4L, the frequency is 109 050 and its direction is 045 (must follow the course 45 to be aligned with the runway).
    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage

    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage



    To enter the frequency displayed the communications board [3], then click the button Nav1.

    Using the circular button, set the frequency 109,950.

    The switch is composed of two parts. The inner part adjusts the frequency range after the '.', The outer part adjusts the frequency range before the '.'.






    Then click the button (green double arrow) to make the frequency of the runway as active.
    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage

    Shortly after, you will receive your first indication of ATC descent.
    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage


    - Put your throttle at idle.
    - On the autopilot, set the altitude to 9000, then disable the automatic throttle button (ATHR). Now it's up to you to manage the speed. For my part, I increase the speed of descent to 2500 which will have the effect of keeping the aircraft a speed of 250 knots.

    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage


    - Continue to follow the instructions from ATC.
    - When you receive a statement authorizing you to land

    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage

    - Engage the approach procedure on autopilot
    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage

    - The autopilot will fly the approach for you (alignment with the axis of the track and down).

    The landing

    - Remove the spoilers [:] to slow the aircraft to 180 knots. Attention You control the speed, make small adjustments on the handle of gases. Enter the spoilers, when the speed decreased.
    - Put the shutters 3 [F7]
    - At 160 knots, pull the train [G]



    The aircraft will join the track alone, but will not the landing itself. If you let the automatic pilot, arriving over the runway the plane will go up.
    At the threshold of the runway, disengage the autopilot (AP button). If you leave the shifter in neutral position, the plane will pierce the nose as the aircraft is not in a horizontal position during the descent.


    Personally, I resumed the controls of the plane a bit earlier to have more tends to adjust the handle to the position of aircraft descent.
    Tutoriel FSX-Vol IFR-l'atterissage


    - Make the round
    - When the wheels touch the ground, brake [,] and then snap the thrust reversers [F2].
    - At 60 knots, disengage the thrust reversers [F1].



    - Leave the track as soon as possible.
    - Contact the tower on the ground and let guide you to the parking area.




    While the autopilot was much more than you on this flight and drive you would have preferred a bit more. The advantage of these tutorials is that by following this process you should be able to perform any service. Feel free to make the later stages manually (without autopilot).

    FSX, Flight Simulator X, How to, IFR, Flight, Landing, Tutorial, Land
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